Now that you know what EtherChannel is, this topic explains how to configure it. The following guidelines and restrictions are useful for configuring EtherChannel:
- EtherChannel support – All Ethernet interfaces must support EtherChannel with no requirement that interfaces be physically contiguous.
- Speed and duplex – Configure all interfaces in an EtherChannel to operate at the same speed and in the same duplex mode.
- VLAN match – All interfaces in the EtherChannel bundle must be assigned to the same VLAN or be configured as a trunk (shown in the figure).
- Range of VLANs – An EtherChannel supports the same allowed range of VLANs on all the interfaces in a trunking EtherChannel. If the allowed range of VLANs is not the same, the interfaces do not form an EtherChannel, even when they are set to auto or desirable mode.
The figure shows a configuration that would allow an EtherChannel to form between S1 and S2.
In the next figure, S1 ports are configured as half duplex. Therefore, an EtherChannel will not form between S1 and S2.
If these settings must be changed, configure them in port channel interface configuration mode. Any configuration that is applied to the port channel interface also affects individual interfaces. However, configurations that are applied to the individual interfaces do not affect the port channel interface. Therefore, making configuration changes to an interface that is part of an EtherChannel link may cause interface compatibility issues.
The port channel can be configured in access mode, trunk mode (most common), or on a routed port.
LACP Configuration Example
EtherChannel is disabled by default and must be configured. The topology in the figure will be used to demonstrate an EtherChannel configuration example using LACP.
Configuring EtherChannel with LACP requires the following three steps:
Step 1. Specify the interfaces that compose the EtherChannel group using the interface range interface global configuration mode command. The range keyword allows you to select several interfaces and configure them all together.
Step 2. Create the port channel interface with the channel-group identifier mode active command in interface range configuration mode. The identifier specifies a channel group number. The mode active keywords identify this as an LACP EtherChannel configuration.
Step 3. To change Layer 2 settings on the port channel interface, enter port channel interface configuration mode using the interface port-channel command, followed by the interface identifier. In the example, S1 is configured with an LACP EtherChannel. The port channel is configured as a trunk interface with the allowed VLANs specified.
S1(config)# interface range FastEthernet 0/1 - 2 S1(config-if-range)# channel-group 1 mode active Creating a port-channel interface Port-channel 1 S1(config-if-range)# exit S1(config)# interface port-channel 1 S1(config)# switchport mode trunk S1(config)# switchport trunk allowed vlan 1,2,20