What did I learn in this module?
Configure Initial Router Settings
The following tasks should be completed when configuring initial settings on a router.
- Configure the device name.
- Secure privileged EXEC mode.
- Secure user EXEC mode.
- Secure remote Telnet / SSH access.
- Secure all passwords in the config file.
- Provide legal notification.
- Save the configuration.
For routers to be reachable, the router interfaces must be configured. The Cisco ISR 4321 router is equipped with two Gigabit Ethernet interfaces: GigabitEthernet 0/0/0 (G0/0/0) and GigabitEthernet 0/0/1 (G0/0/1). The tasks to configure a router interface are very similar to a management SVI on a switch. Using the no shutdown command activates the interface. The interface must also be connected to another device, such as a switch or a router, for the physical layer to be active. There are several commands that can be used to verify interface configuration including the show ip interface brief and show ipv6 interface brief, the show ip route and show ipv6 route, as well as show interfaces, show ip interface and show ipv6 interface.
Configure the Default Gateway
For an end device to communicate over the network, it must be configured with the correct IP address information, including the default gateway address. The default gateway address is generally the router interface address for the router that is attached to the local network of the host. The IP address of the host device and the router interface address must be in the same network. To connect to and manage a switch over a local IP network, it must have a switch virtual interface (SVI) configured. The SVI is configured with an IPv4 address and subnet mask on the local LAN. The switch must also have a default gateway address configured to remotely manage the switch from another network. To configure an IPv4 default gateway on a switch, use the ip default-gateway ip-address global configuration command. Use the IPv4 address of the local router interface that is connected to the switch.